Monday, February 13, 2012

Earthquake Children's Mental Health And Psychological Intervention - Earthquake, Psychological -

Posted by Sarah Sweetz Akhza at 10:39 PM
Earthquake Children's Mental Health And Psychological Intervention - Earthquake, Psychological -
Earthquake Children's mental health and psychological intervention

- The average child for disaster

West China Hospital of Sichuan University Mental Health Center

Professor Guo Lanting An earthquake caused serious psychological trauma on children, including:

1, after the earthquake process 2, witnessed the scene of life to death after the earthquake affected areas, housing collapse to collapse scene



3, sudden loss of loved ones, friends,

4, family housing and school buildings damaged, a sudden loss of familiar environment and learning environment



5, the face of strangers, and unstable living environment

6, his disability Two earthquakes often occur after the children's psychological reactions and physiological responses



1. Fear, panic; irritability 2. Grief, crying 3. Emotional numbness, dull 4. Alienate anyone 5. Worry about no one to take care of themselves, love themselves



6. Do not want to separate with the adults, do not want to be alone, always need to accompany their loved ones, worried about leaving their loved ones will never return



7. Especially timid, afraid of strangers

8. Easy temper 9. Do not believe that their loved ones had left, that they will return



10. Feel that they are children abandoned by their parents died, and even they will feel angry



11. Feel that their loved ones death is caused because of their well-behaved

12. Imitate the behavior of their loved ones died

13. Childish behavior: finger sucking, back

14. Abnormal behavior, such as special good, especially naughty, pretending to be strong

15. As if nothing happened, like, with no sorrow

16. Fear of future disaster 17. Fear and disaster-related natural phenomena

18. Sick: poor appetite, difficulty breathing, headache, abdominal Tong, general weakness,

19. Sleep problems: nightmares, sudden crying at night, difficulty falling asleep

3, children and adolescents most in need of psychological support are:

Sense of security, family members or trusted adults around them, and assured them:

1, things have passed, now it is safe

2, we will protect you 3, we will not leave you

Emotional response to the children to express your own emotions and feelings

1, we know that when you are afraid of the earthquake

2, we understand your lost loved ones, loss of school, students are very sad after

3, we also have these feelings, but also very scared, very sad

Let children know that everyone has these feelings, these reactions are normal

4, parents and friends can provide specific psychological support to children is:

Provide a sense of security and emotional resonance

1. Spend more time with their children, before going to sleep with him and tell stories



2. To leave the child to the child that a good time before departure, when it came back to do what, to the child that you'll come back and let him rest assured, as late



3. Do not show too much fear, anxiety, and let the children think that you are backing him



4. To introduce a child around adults, arranged around the kids, and the establishment of temporary schools



5. As far as possible to provide children ages books, stationery or toys

6. For younger children or children of the same sex and their bodies can be stroking, hugging, kissing;



On older adolescents use warm handshake, Paijian, hugging, eye contact to give them a sense of security and emotional resonance



7. As far as possible honest answer to every problem child

Appropriate, measured to guide young children to express their own feelings and emotions

8. Encourage your child to describe his experience of disaster at the time,

9. By indirect means the death of their loved ones and children to discuss issues such as: small pet to first discuss the death of their loved ones died in the mood before



10. With a child feel about his loss of family members, can be speech, drawing, toys, etc. Let the child express his inner grief, sorrow



11. Give them a chance of losing relatives and friends have in mind, older children can point to their participation in the funeral of their loved ones



12. Can be with their children and family with memories of the past, the scene reminded them, "They loved you, you love them"



5, how to answer children's questions?

1, will no longer earthquake?

Can not tell him no, tell them there will be a small aftershocks, and to teach children simple safety Tips shock. Let him know that if another earthquake, how would you do, how should he do. The best way is to take the kids to do with the shock simulation exercise, to understand the project.

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